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Specifications for the Detroit Diesel 353


The 3-53, or 353, is a high-powered diesel engine manufactured by Detroit Diesel Engines. The “3” signifies the number of cylinders in the engine, and the lack of a “V” following the “3” signifies the inline layout of the cylinders. As part of the 53 series, Detroit Diesel also made a 4-53 and a 6V-53. The four-cylinder was also in line and produced 140 horsepower. The six-cylinder was a “V” design and produced 216 horsepower.


The 3-53 is a two-cycle engine. The bore by stroke is 3.875 by 4.5 inches, or 98 mm by 114 mm. The total displacement is 159 cubic inches, or 2.61 liters. The compressions ratio is 21:1. The engine produces 101 horsepower at 2,800 rpm and a maximum torque of 205 ft-lbs at 1,800 rpm. Continuous gross power produced is 70 horsepower at 2,400 rpm.